Judson T. Connell, DMD

What Are the Stages of Gum Disease and What To Look For

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Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is a deterioration of the gums caused by plaque and bacterial growth. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to the more serious condition of periodontitis. There are four general stages to gum disease, here is what to look out for.

Stage 1
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease, and its symptoms include inflamed or red gums that may bleed when brushing.

Stage 2
In early periodontitis, a slight loss of bone that supports the teeth occurs even though other symptoms may not be easily observed.

Stage 3
In moderate periodontitis, more bone and gum tissue is destroyed and loosening of teeth may also occur.

Stage 4

Advanced periodontitis is the most severe stage of the disease. Symptoms become more severe, teeth can become very loose and biting and chewing may hurt. Extensive dental treatment is typically required to try to correct the damage of advanced periodontitis.

  • Swollen, sore, red gums
  • Gums bleeding while brushing or flossing
  • Gum line pulling away from the teeth creating pockets
  • Bad breath and persistent bad taste in the mouth

If you experience the symptoms of gum disease, it is important to get treatment as soon as possible to protect your teeth, gums and your overall health. We can help. Contact Dr. Judson T Connell for gum disease treatment today! Call 770-623-8877 or visit us at online.